Mongolian President Ukhnaagiin Khurelsukh has announced ambitious plans to rebuild the historical capital city of Karakorum (Kharkhorum) in the Orkhon Valley. As a world heritage site and former capital of the Mongolian empire founded by Chinggis Khaan, the reconstruction of Karakorum holds great significance for the country's economic and spiritual development. It is also an important development for restoring and preserving the World Heritage site.
The silver tree of Karakorum, the ancient capital of the Mongolian Empire
The President emphasized the need for cooperation among the government, private sector, and citizens to complete this long-term construction project.
While the reconstruction of Karakorum may bring new economic opportunities and preserve cultural heritage, it's worth noting that the country's resources and potential environmental and social consequences must be taken into account.
In addition to rebuilding Kharkhorum, Prime Minister Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene plans to build a new city in the Khushigt Valley near the new international airport. Minister Tserenpiliin Davaasuren will oversee the construction plans for these cities. However, the groundwork for the new Karakorum city will not likely start until the late 2020s.
It's important to note that successful new cities often have a clear vision, strong leadership, and a well-planned strategy for economic development and sustainability. As the government and other stakeholders move forward with these projects, they'll need to carefully assess and address potential impacts.
Karakorum, also known as Kharkhorum, Qaraqorum, or Harhorin, was a significant city in the history of Mongolia. It served as the capital of the Mongol Empire between 1235 and 1260 and of the Northern Yuan dynasty in the 14th and 15th centuries. Karakorum was one of the Silk Road’s most important transit routes for traders.
The ruins of the city can be found in the Övörkhangai Province of modern-day Mongolia, close to the town of Kharkhorin and the Erdene Zuu Monastery. These ruins are located in the upper part of the Orkhon Valley, which is a World Heritage Site.
About Amar Adiya
Amar Adiya is Editor-in-Chief of Mongolia Weekly, an English newsletter on political analysis and business intelligence every week.