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  • Writer's pictureMongolia Weekly

2020 Election Program of Mongolian People's Party

Most mentioned words in the program:

(Unofficial full translation from Mongolian)


Since 2016, the Government of Mongolia has taken measures to improve the social security system, increase citizens' incomes, and improve the quality of life.

Within the framework of the “Healthy Mongolian” goal, the “Healthy Liver” and “Healthy Teeth-Healthy Child” programs were implemented. A legal environment has been created to finance the cost of medicines for children under five from the health insurance fund. Every child has the opportunity to attend kindergarten, and all schools have been transferred to two shifts. For the first time, the Law on Youth Development was adopted and implemented to support the development of families, children, youth and people with special needs (disabilities).

The “Stay-at-Home Moms with Salary” program is being implemented. According to the number of children born and raised, the period for mothers to pay social insurance is increased by 1.5 years. Increased pensions for low-income seniors and narrowed the gap.

The retirement age for herders has been lowered by 5 years, and a legal environment has been created for herders and self-employed people to reimburse their social insurance premiums once. Twice a year, we give “Age Endowment” to our elders. The government passed a law on one-time repayment of loans secured by pensions, and canceled loans for the elderly. One million MNT worth of securities will be given to the elderly who do not have pension loans.

We will continue and expand all our successful programs over the next four years. The social insurance system will be radically reformed and a gradual transition to a unified savings fund system will be made. In addition to pensions and health care, everyone who pays social insurance will have the opportunity to own an apartment and improve their skills and education.

We will develop a new branch of national heritage and cultural creative production. We will support employment in all aspects and expand the ranks of the middle class.


1.1.1. We will pursue a policy of gradually increasing real wages in line with inflation and rising prices.

1.1.2. Increase people's incomes and halve poverty.

1.1.3. Establish a banking and financial system to support low and middle income people and provide low interest loans to citizens.

1.1.4. We will continue the policy of supporting small family businesses and providing interest-free and unsecured financial support.

1.1.5. The loan interest rate will be reduced to no more than 1 percent per month.

1.1.6. Implement a set of measures to provide students and young entrepreneurs with the knowledge and skills they need to expand and intensify their business.

1.1.7. Introduce modern forms of financing for start-ups and create an efficient financial system.

1.1.8. The amount of personal income tax to be deducted from the salaries of low-income citizens will be halved.

1.1.9. Adult unemployed members of low-income households will be provided with vocational training and skills development, and employment will be supported.

1.1.10. Implement the “Savings for Children” program for every child.

1.1.11. We will continue to stop money laundering and prevent citizens from being exposed to financial risks and pressures.

1.1.12. Create a legal environment to protect the interests of borrowers in the activities of commercial banks.

1.1.13. Ensure market transparency, open competition, and fair competition, and create the conditions for doing business from a fair start.

1.1.14. The government will implement a policy to nurture and expand small and medium-sized businesses through business incubation services, and will regulate the payment of the minimum rent.

1.1.15. Increase the ability of small and medium-sized businesses to carry out contract work for large enterprises such as Oyu Tolgoi and Erdenet.

1.1.16. Establish a social responsibility fund to increase Mongolia's benefits from Oyu Tolgoi and other mining projects and to support low- and middle-income people.

1.1.17. Create equal employment opportunities for urban and rural populations.

1.1.18. Based on the experience and skills of citizens, support for self-employment opportunities and provide soft loans for necessary machinery and equipment.


1.2.1. Social insurance reform will be implemented in stages, and a system of “Unified Savings Fund” will be established so that every citizen can have real savings in his / her personal account.

1.2.2. Education, health, pensions, housing and social security services for every citizen will be provided comprehensively through the Unified Savings Fund.

1.2.3. Through the “Unified Savings Fund”, a system of free mortgage payments will be established for the first time when a person who pays social insurance buys an apartment.

1.2.4. Measures will be taken in stages to reduce and exempt the down payment for housing for the target group.

1.2.5. Low- and middle-income people who are buying a house/apartment for the first time will be provided with a mortgage loan with an interest rate of 4-6 percent.

1.2.6. The National Housing Corporation will be established, and the General Savings Fund and the National Wealth Fund will support 150,000 households in housing through public-private partnerships. 80,000 apartments will be provided with the implementation of the National Housing Program. The “Low Cost Housing” program will be initiated, 50,000 apartments will be built, and the “Rental Housing” program will be implemented.

1.2.7. In order to lower the base price of housing, the government will pursue a policy of tax exemptions for domestic manufacturers of cement, rebar and some construction materials.

1.2.8. Housing planning standards will be implemented to create a comfortable environment with schools, kindergartens, green areas, swimming pools and sports fields.

1.2.9. The labor market will be modernized to meet modern needs, and a system of hourly wages in accordance wit skills and performance will be established.

1.2.10. Make everyone have an electronic labor register, integrate it with the social insurance and security system, and increase employment responsibilities.

1.2.11. Establish a multi-tiered social insurance system that provides basic pensions to every citizen and access to private insurance services.


1.3.1. Improve the capacity of national diagnostics and create a system for every citizen to have a full health examination every year.

1.3.2. Establish a unified public health database and establish a system for electronic exchange of diagnoses and information at local and all levels of hospitals, both domestically and internationally.

1.3.3. Introduce an electronic health care system, such as medical services and drug discounts, ensure patient confidentiality and reduce costs, delays and delays.

1.3.4. Introduce new methods and advanced techniques and technologies for early detection and treatment of cancer and cardiovascular diseases, create opportunities for full treatment at home, and drastically reduce the number of people seeking diagnosis and treatment abroad.

1.3.5. Establish “National Center for Maternal, Newborn and Women's - II”, “National Cardiovascular Center” and “Organ Transplant Surgery Center” that meet international standards.

1.3.6. Improve the health insurance financing system and increase the opportunities for the insured to benefit.

1.3.7. Continue the “Healthy Liver” program and implement the “Together Against Cancer” program.

1.3.8. Implement a national program to control and control Helicobacter pylori to stop the spread of chronic bacterial gastritis, ulcers and cancer.

1.3.9. The “Healthy Teeth-Healthy Child” program will be continued, and the “Healthy Future” program will be implemented for early detection and treatment of chronic sore throat and prevention of future health risks at an early age.

1.3.10. Implement the “Healthy Citizen” national program and increase life expectancy.

1.3.11. Introduce targeted immunization for women nationwide, and implement the “Peace Girl” program to prevent cervical cancer and protect breast health.

1.3.12. Strengthen the capacity of the national emergency network, upgrade the ambulance fleet, and increase the use of helicopters when needed.

1.3.13. The social and labor values ​​and incentives of doctors, nurses and medical staff will be increased in stages in line with the inflation rate.

1.3.14. Increase the number of students as nurses and caregivers, improve social issues and working environment, and fully provide hospitals and health care organizations with nurses and caregivers.

1.3.15. Post-treatment specialized nursing and rehabilitation hospitals will be established.

1.3.16. Establish a center for the treatment, health, psychotherapy, social care and prevention of drug users and addicts.

1.3.17. Improve the capacity of the regional diagnostic and treatment center, improve the quality, equipment and machinery of cancer, cardiovascular, trauma and maternal and child health services, and create opportunities for citizens to receive national level services in their local areas.

1.3.18. Soum hospitals will be provided with hot and cold water and sanitation facilities.

1.3.19. Increase access to health services such as treatment, care and nursing for the special needs (disabled) and the elderly, and the cost of care will be covered by the Health Insurance Fund.

1.3.20. Citizens with incomes below the poverty line will be issued “Electronic cards” to receive medical care.

1.3.21. Citizens will be provided with comprehensive health education from the time they are in school and everyone will be able to provide “first aid”.

1.3.22. Establish a model information, training and advocacy center to implement non-drug health promotion programs through special programs and improve citizens' health education.

1.3.23. The “Active Healthy Living” program will be implemented nationwide, and healthy lifestyles, exercise, nutrition, and stress-free lifestyles will be implemented through a public-private partnership.

1.3.24. Limit the consumption of unhealthy foods (sugar and soda drinks, trans fats) and reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases.

1.3.25. Establish a drug safety laboratory and improve the quality, safety, registration, import, distribution, electronic control and regulation of drugs and medical devices.

1.3.26. Regulate the prices of essential medicines and medical devices, limit the inflation of medicines and reduce the financial burden on citizens.

1.3.27. Establish a “Health Museum” with exhibits on human body structure, healthy living and cognition.

1.3.28. The status of Family Group Practices will be clarified and funding will be decided in an appropriate manner.


1.4.1. Enrich the content of Mongolian history, language, culture, national heritage, customs, patriotism, and national values, and implement the integrated curriculum in schools and kindergartens regardless of ownership.

1.4.2. Social and labor values ​​and incentives for school and kindergarten teachers and staff will be increased in stages in line with inflation.

1.4.3. Support the continuous professional development of teachers, involve them in foreign and domestic professional development trainings and activities, and implement the “Skilled Teacher” program.

1.4.4. The education sector will be politically neutral, and school principals and kindergarten principals will be selected based on their knowledge, skills, performance and experience.

1.4.5. The number of kindergarten beds will be gradually increased in accordance with the demand, 273 new kindergartens will be built in densely populated areas, and the number of 24-hour kindergartens will be increased.

1.4.6. Increase the quality and availability of childcare services, make it possible to cover children under 1-2 years of age, and restore nursery services.

1.4.7. Each kindergarten group will have two shifts of teachers, which will increase the time for receiving and giving children, and will allow parents to leave their jobs and pick up their children.

1.4.8. In order to prevent children from catching colds, flu and infectious diseases during the winter, arrangements will be made to extend the winter holidays for secondary school students.

1.4.9. The school lunch program will be continued, lunch services will be implemented in stages, the cost per child will be doubled, and children will be provided with nutritious and vitamin-rich meals.

1.4.10. Kindergarten and dormitory meals will be doubled.

1.4.11. Each school will have a psychologist who will provide psychological services to students and help them choose a profession.

1.4.12. Create an environment for children with special needs (disabilities) to learn and develop in regular schools and kindergartens.

1.4.13. At least 80 percent of all schools nationwide will have one shift.

1.4.14. 200 new schools will be built in densely populated areas to meet the number, demand and needs of school-age children.

1.4.15. Establish standard schools with international programs and quality requirements in each district and aimag of the capital city.

1.4.16. Schools encourage high school classes.

1.4.17. Develop a national extracurricular curriculum, develop interests and talents, expand the activities of electives, sections and clubs.

1.4.18. The Covid-19 epidemic will be followed by an assessment of school dropouts and telecommuting, and the enrichment and dissemination of online and distance learning content with a variety of options to supplement students' educational content.

1.4.19. School dormitories, green development facilities, sports and art halls, cafeterias, and IT training rooms will be equipped, and an adjustable environment will be created for students with special needs (disabilities).

1.4.20. All kindergartens, schools and dormitories with pit latrines will be equipped with modern toilets and a child-friendly environment will be created.

1.4.21. Implement a policy that makes private kindergartens and schools profitable and non-profit, and support non-profit educational institutions.

1.4.22. Build “Nairamdal-2” international children's summer camp and stabilize the activities of local children's summer camps.

1.4.23. Increase access to education loan funds and create conditions for students to study at home without financial pressure.

1.4.24. Implement a “National Scholarship Program” to provide up to 100 percent tuition scholarships to students studying in priority areas of development and leading academic achievement.

1.4.25. The government will support the running and research costs of state-owned universities.

1.4.26. Support local VTPCs and universities, provide local bonuses for teachers, and provide students with discounted tuition.

1.4.27. Support the development of the region and organize the establishment of branch schools in agriculture, mining, light industry and food industry in accordance with local specifics.

1.4.28. An interdisciplinary internship base will be established at the VTPC.

1.4.29. Students of all ages will be able to develop and distribute online curricula for citizens, enabling everyone to study for a lifetime in the field of their choice, regardless of space or time.

1.4.30. Successful students, teachers, researchers and teams will be encouraged to participate in international Olympiads, competitions and contests.

1.4.31. Research institutes and universities will be developed as a complex of training, research and development, enlightenment and innovation.

1.4.32. Improve research and analysis capacity in science, technology and innovation, and quadruple public spending on research and development.

1.4.33. Increase the value of scientists' intellectual creations, put them into economic circulation and support the state.

1.4.34. Based on public-private partnerships, implement projects to attract investment and funding for science, technology and innovation priorities and create economic growth.

1.4.35. Create advanced and new technologies, products and services in leading industries and support localized enterprises through customs, tax and credit policies.

1.4.36. Implement the construction of a science and innovation complex.


1.5.1. The methodology for determining the living standards of households will be improved, and social welfare services will be dedicated only at target groups.

1.5.2. Introduce participatory welfare services to improve the social security and livelihoods of low-income households.

1.5.3. Improve the legal environment for social workers and psychologists to work with individuals and families.

1.5.4. Everyone will have a national program to keep their genealogy, prevent inbreeding, and protect their gene pool.

1.5.5. Population groups, especially women, students, youth, people with special needs (disabilities), and the elderly, will be provided with flexible arrangements for part-time and remote work at home.

1.5.6. Create a database of Mongolians studying and working abroad and support them in their business and volunteer activities, research and analysis in their home country.

1.5.7. Establish an electronic information system and labor exchange that will provide incentives and support to young people who have graduated from universities and colleges abroad to return to work and run businesses.


1.5.8. Increase parental involvement in supporting children's development, talents, skills, technical thinking and social development.

1.5.9. Strengthen the system of child rights, development and protection, and implement a social protection policy that is child-friendly and equitable.

1.5.10. Prevent children from traffic accidents and provide crosswalks, traffic lights, speed bumps and cameras in public areas.

1.5.11. Ensure compliance with children's playground and environmental standards, create a safe environment for children and improve control.

1.5.12. Establish long-term rehabilitation centers for children affected by violence in the regions and localities.

1.5.13. Punishment for perpetrators of violence against children will be increased.


1.5.14. Encourage young people and young families to buy affordable housing with flexible payment terms.

1.5.15. Establish a youth development support fund.

1.5.16. Establish centers for families, children, students and youth to spend their free time properly.

1.5.17. Implement programs to prevent children, students, youth, and adolescents from being exposed to external influences, harassment, crime, drug and psychotropic substance use, and cyber bully.

1.5.18. A project will be implemented to support young people who have grown up in orphanages and have reached the age of 18 to live independently.

1.5.19. Implement the "Young Family" program to support the health, education, employment, social relations, psychology and development needs of young families.

1.5.20. Within the framework of population growth policy, a national program “Sustainable Peace Family” will be implemented to provide tax benefits for families with three or more children depending on the number of children.

1.5.21. The “Paid Mother” program will be continued and will be provided to mothers with children under 3 years of age without discrimination.

1.5.22. Long-term work of citizens will create a decent lifestyle.


1.5.23. Ensure the rights and participation of people with special needs (disabilities) and increase rehabilitation, nursing and employment.

1.5.24. Citizens with special needs (disabilities) will be provided with access to necessary services by all government and other organizations.

1.5.25. Employers who create jobs for people with special needs (disabilities) will be provided with financial incentives, and the amount of payment for each position not employed by a person with special needs (disabilities) and the responsibility of government officials will be increased.

1.5.26. The state will be able to pay social insurance premiums for mothers (fathers) who are unable to work to take care of their children aged 0-16 with special needs (disabilities).

1.5.27. Improve the system of specialized care and sanatorium services for people with special needs (disabilities) who need regular care.

1.5.28. Build an orphanage for children with special needs (disabilities).


1.5.29. We will pursue a policy of providing basic pensions to the elderly and gradually increasing the minimum pension in line with inflation.

1.5.30. The “Age Endowment” program will be continued.

1.5.31. Comprehensive measures will be taken to close the pension gap and establish an appropriate ratio of maximum, minimum and average pensions.

1.5.32. Pension reform will be carried out and conditions will be created for the family to inherit a certain part of the balance of the personal account of social insurance premiums.

1.5.33. Establish a system that transfers the cost of care for the elderly, such as public transportation, vacation, sanatorium discounts, and food vouchers, to individual pension accounts.

1.5.34. Additional development centers will be established to enable the elderly to spend their free time effectively, receive information and develop.

1.5.35. We will continue to provide effective employment and counseling services to increase the income of the elderly and pass on their knowledge and experience to the youth.


1.6.1. To support national pride, Mongolian heritage and culture, the renovation of the Chinggis Khaan Museum, the National Arts Theater, the Museum of Natural History, and the National Central Library will be completed.

1.6.2. Establish a Ministry of Culture.

1.6.3. The status of cultural centers and educational institutions aimed at disseminating the mother tongue and culture to children and adolescents abroad shall be guaranteed by law.

1.6.4. Develop a heritage, culture, art and tourism that introduces Mongolian nomadic culture and values ​​to the world.

1.6.5. Support Mongolian brands that are world-renowned for their culture, arts, intellectual and sports, and build Mongolian pride.

1.6.6. Stabilize the activities of the Film Support Fund and support the creation of works that will give an international appreciation to Mongolian cinema.

1.6.7. Disseminate cultural heritage, such as puppet theater, children's libraries, and children's productions, and provide the necessary training and cognitive support to child development centers.

1.6.8. Increase the use of the national Mongolian script and increase the number of books, newspapers and magazines published in the “Mongolian script”.

1.6.9. We will fight against illegal activities that destroy historical and cultural heritage, strengthen accountability and protect tangible and intangible heritage.

1.6.10. Citizens will be encouraged to participate in community sports, such as mountaineering, hiking, and cycling.

1.6.11. The construction of a sports complex with a swimming pool for citizens and the public will be implemented in stages in each aimag.

1.6.12. Improve the training system for sports coaches, increase the number of physical education and sports methodologists, and employ physical education methodologists in each soum.

1.6.13. Individuals and companies that invest in physical culture and sports will be provided with tax benefits.

1.6.14. Increase the number of people who participate in sports by making health insurance payments for accredited sports clubs.

1.6.15. Within the framework of preserving the Mongolian national holiday, the essence of the national sport, and promoting it internationally, we will support the organization of the World Nomad Festival on a regular basis and bring it to a new level of development.

1.6.16. We will increase the number of sports and national teams of the national team, and support athletes to improve their achievements and reach the continental and world level.

1.6.17. A national stadium, an indoor winter sports palace, a Paralympic and national sports complex will be built.


The economy has recovered over the past four years, boosting the GDP growth to 5-7 percent. A total of MNT 8.2 trillion in bonds, loans were paid and the debt burden was reduced. Confidence in Mongolia in foreign markets has been restored and the country's credit rating has been raised by two notches.

Focusing on increasing herders' incomes, meat exports have increased 4-5 times. Businesses with annual sales of less than MNT 1.5 billion pay a one percent tax. Producers of cereals, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, fodder plants and tree seedlings have been reduced by 50 percent. It is recovering from foreign direct investment drop and attracting about $ 2 billion a year. The foreign trade balance improved, generating a surplus of $ 4.5 billion in 2017-2019. Official foreign exchange reserves have been depleted to more than $ 4 billion. Commercial bank lending rates were reduced from 20 percent to 16.8 percent. The Erdenet plant is 100% state-owned. Revenues from the Tavan Tolgoi deposit have been increased, exceeding the size of the Erdenet mine. 640 billion MNT has been accumulated in the future heritage fund and it is expected to increase to 1 trillion MNT in 2020. For the first time, Mongolia is preserving its heritage for future generations.

Over the next four years, we will implement development mega-projects and build deep processing plants for mining products. Establish a National Wealth Fund and bring economic growth to everyone. Improve regional infrastructure and reduce urban-rural disparities. It will develop the national industry and create 150,000 new jobs. An oil refinery will be commissioned and the price of gasoline will be reduced by 20-30 percent. Organize “Mongolian Livestock - II Program” and “Atar IV Campaign” and become an exporter of organic food. It will be an energy exporter. It will develop public-private partnerships and become a favorable country for trade and investment. It receives 1 million tourists a year. It will build on the success of the previous four years in all respects and become a country with a strong economy and prosperous citizens.


2.1.1. Implement the following mega projects of strategic mining and heavy industry.

The following mining deposits will be used. These include:

- Tavan Tolgoi coal deposit will be fully commissioned.

-Oyu Tolgoi underground mine will be used.

-Tsagaan Suvarga deposit will be commissioned.